Tuesday, September 13, 2011

APAH Unit Test 1 - Mesopotamia - Egyptian

Mesopotamia – Egyptian Study Guide
What you need to know:
· Mesopotamia – ziggurat (construction, points of the compass, axis, usage, function), sacred spaces (and examples), hierarchy, cuneiform and usage, political and social organization of Sumerian cities, stele (function/recognition/identification), canon (definition and examples of), function of Sumerian votive offerings, Standard of Ur, Ziggurat of Ur, symbolism of the bull
· Egyptian – periods (general dates for Old/Middle and New), iconographic symbol of Lower/Upper Egypt, Book of the Dead (scroll buried with the wealthy) and function, 6 contextual issues (historical facts/beliefs) for Egyptian art, effects of these on Egyptian culture (art/architecture), narrative devices used in composition, conceptual reality vs optical reality
· 4 ways of thinking about context
· Devices used to declare sacred space: exclusivity, material wealth/decoration, ritual and ceremony (liturgy), history/religious event
· Sculpture – terms (relief/additive/subtractive/casting), what to talk about when you analyze sculpture (icon, monument, historical record of event/person, decorative element/architecture, aesthetic ideal (canon), attempt to measure time/space/nature
· Painting – terms/function
· Vocabulary – polytheism, monotheism, votive (surrogate), cuneiform, bas relief, stone courses, atlantids, hypostyle hall, clerestory, corbelling, “continuous lintel” (entablature), canon/canon of proportion, ben-ben, ka, Imhotep, Akhenaton/Amarna, iconoclast, colonnade, pylon, engaged column
Images to know:
· Mesopotamia – Warka Vase, Sumerian Votive offerings, Victory Stele of Naram-Sin, Standard of Ur, Ziggurat of Ur, Gudea, Stele of Hammurabi, Lamassu, Assyrian archers (relief)
· Egyptian – Palette of King Narmer, Stepped Pyramid, Great Pyramids/Gizeh, Statue of Khafre, Menkaure and Khamerernebty, Seated Scribe, Ti watching a hippopotamus hunt, rock cut tombs (images of), Mortuary Temple of Hatshepsut, Hatshepsut with offering jars, Senmut block statue, Temple of Ramses, pylon temple, frescoes – tomb of Nebamun, Akhenaton images, Tutankhamen death mask, Book of the Dead, Mentuemhet (Late Period)

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