Saturday, January 15, 2011

Unit Test 4 - Romanesque and Gothic

• Romanesque – what does “Romanesque” mean?, parts of a Romanesque portal, eight characteristics of a Romanesque pilgrimage church, dates of the Romanesque period, context for Romanesque and the churches, Abbot Suger and his importance, Y1K and its significance, monasteries and why they were important, Crusades and their significance, significance of stone carving as a hallmark, how the human body was “represented” (canon?)
• Gothic - seven characteristics of Gothic cathedrals, stylistic changes in Gothic architecture and their names (Flamboyant, Rayonnant, Perpendicular, etc.), movement toward greater realism (the N word!), how the human body was portrayed (its reemergence), Giorgio Vasari, significance of Paris, lux nova, Jean Pucelle, “Notre Dame” (the Virgin) and Her significance
• Vocabulary – reliquary, nave, transept, crossing, radiating chapels, ambulatory, choir, triforium, tribune, westwork, cloister, tympanum, trumeau, archivolts, jambs, voussiors, groin vaults, barrel vault, buttress, compound pier, column statues, rose window, lancet window, pointed arch, rib groin vault, stained glass, flying buttress, tracery, verticality, fan vaulting
Images to know:
• Romanesque – Saint-Sernin, Toulouse, France; Bayeux Tapestry, Morgan Madonna, reliquaries (various), Modena Cathedral reliefs (Wiligelmo creation of Adam and Eve), The Pilgrimage Church at Vezelay, Pisa Complex, Durham Cathedral, England
• Gothic – Rottgen Pieta, Death of the Virgin at Strasbourg Cathedral, Virgian of Jeanne d’Evreux, Chartres (west, north and south portals and their differences) Visitation, jamb statues, Reim Cathedral, The Virgin of Paris, Ekkehard and Uta-Naumburg figures, St. Denis, Notre Dame, Paris, Laon Cathedral, Amiens Cathedral, Reims Cathedral, Sainte-Chapelle, Salisbury Cathedral, Milan Cathedral, Cologne Cathedral, Bamberg Rider, the Royal Portal at Chartres, Throne of Wisdom, Porch of the Confessors

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